What Is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how the body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is an important source of energy for the cells that make up the muscles and tissues. It's also the brain's main source of fuel.
The main cause of diabetes varies by type. But no matter what type of diabetes you have, it can lead to excess sugar in the blood. Too much sugar in the blood can lead to serious health problems.
About 283,000 Americans under age 20 are estimated to have diagnosed diabetes, approximately 0.35% of that population
In 2014–2015, the annual incidence of diagnosed diabetes in youth was estimated at 18,200 with type 1 diabetes, 5,800 with type 2 diabetes
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What Is Type 1 Diabetes?
A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
This is the most common form of diabetes seen in children.
What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose).
About The Special Need:
The Number Of Children/People Affected By Diabetes
7,900 children and adolescents younger than age 20 years have Type 1 diabetes, 5,300 children and adolescents ages 10 to 19 years have Type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes in Youth
About 193,000 Americans under age 20 are estimated to have diagnosed with diabetes, approximately 0.24% of that population.
In 2011—2012, the annual incidence of diagnosed diabetes in youth was estimated at 17,900 with Type 1 diabetes, 5,300 with type 2 diabetes.
"Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition. In this condition, the pancreas makes little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone the body uses to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. Different factors, such as genetics and some viruses, may cause type 1 diabetes. Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, it can develop in adults."
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